What is Salt?

iStock_000010992796_ExtraSmallWhat is Salt?

When we talk about salt we include all salts used for human consumption, including regular table salt, seas salt, rock salt and the like. It is what people also refer to as Sodium Chloride. Salts are made up of approximately 40% sodium and 60% chloride. It is high levels of sodium consumed in our diets that can cause health issues and the reason that we are encouraged to reduce our consumption of salt.

Common salt, like those above, is a mineral substance composed primarily of sodium chloride, a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of ionic salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite. Saltiness is one of the basic human tastes along with being essential for animal life.

Salt is also found in huge quantities in the sea where it is the main mineral constituent. Under normal conditions our oceans contain about 35 grams (1.2 oz) of solids per litre and a salinity of 3.5%.

Salt is commonly produced from salt mines, by an industrial process where the salt is gathered from seawater, or mineral-rich spring water in shallow pools, by evaporation.

The World Health Organization recommends that adults should consume less than 5 grams of salt per day that’s the equivalent of 2 grams of sodium. In small quantities salt is ideal for human health but too much sodium consumed in our diet can raise blood pressure and may increase the risk of a heart attack and stroke.

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Use Saltneys Salt alternative instead of salt – it tastes just like salt but it is virtually sodium free